• Bodily material

    The Human Tissue Authority defines bodily material in the context of DNA analysis as: any tissue or sample that has come from a human body and contains human cells, this includes gametes, and hair and nails from the living and deceased. It excludes embryos outside the body, established cell lines and extracted cellular components where no whole cells remain (i.e. extracted DNA or RNA).

    Under the Human Tissue Act 2004, it is an offence to have bodily material with the intent of analysing its DNA without qualifying consent, subject to certain exceptions, which are outlined in the HTA's Code of Practice on Consent. This applies UK-wide.