• Harm

    That which adversely affects the interests or welfare of an individual. This may be physical harm, discomfort, anxiety, pain, and psychological disturbance or social disadvantage.


  • Hazard

    Anything that could cause harm.


  • Health & Safety

    Health and Safety is a discipline, enshrined in primary legislation, concerned with preserving and protecting human and facility resources in the workplace. All employers are subject to the law and can be inspected.


  • Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC)

    See NHS Digital.


  • Health Research Authority (HRA)

    The Health Research Authority (HRA) was established as a Special Health Authority on 01 December 2011 with the purpose of protecting and promoting the interests of patients and the public in health research.  The HRA has the Research Ethics Service at its core.  It also provides advice on the use of NHS patient identifiable information without consent, under section 251 of the NHS Act via the Confidentiality Advisory Group (CAG).  The HRA will co-operate with others to combine and streamline the current approval system and promote consistent, proportionate standards for compliance and inspection.


  • Health Research Authority approval / HRA approval

    If your study is led from England and involves the NHS in England then you may need to apply for HRA Approval.  This new approval replaces the NIHR Coordinated System for gaining NHS Permission (CSP) and will ultimately replace NHS permission.  Further details on the HRA approval system can be found on the HRA approval webpage.


  • Healthy volunteers

    Persons recruited to, and consenting to, participate in research not by virtue of the fact that they are an NHS patient with a specific condition, but rather as they represent normal, non-diseased physiology.


  • HTA Definition of Research

    A study which addresses clearly defined questions, aims and objectives in order to discover and interpret new information or reach new understanding of the structure, function and disorders of the human body. Research attempts to derive new knowledge and includes studies that aim to generate hypotheses, as well as studies that aim to test them or develop practical applications or new knowledge.


  • HTA licence

    The HTA license premises for storage of relevant material for research purposes in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. There are exemptions to the need for an HTA licence for research, best described in the HTA Licence station.

    The HTA also issues licences for human application under the EU Tissues and Cells Directive, in the whole of the UK.


  • Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority (HFEA)

    The Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority (HFEA) is the UK's independent regulator overseeing safe and appropriate practice in fertility treatment and embryo research. The HFEA license and monitor centres carrying out IVF, donor insemination and human embryo research. They provide a range of detailed information for patients, professionals and Government.


  • Human Tissue Authority (HTA)

    The Human Tissue Authority (HTA) regulates the removal, storage, use and disposal of human bodies, organs and tissue from the living and deceased.

    Under the Human Tissue Act 2004, the HTA has jurisdiction in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. For human application (under the EU Tissue and Cells Directive), the HTA has a UK-wide role.


  • Human tissue/tissues or samples

    Generic term used to encompass human organs, tissues and biological samples. Depending on the context, human tissue or samples may be used in the Data and Tissues Tool Kit to describe 'relevant material', this is likely when used in reference to the Human Tissue Act 2004. Strictly speaking relevant material is a more specific term.